The Four Main Types of Foot Fungus Explained
Nail fungus is no fun. At best, it’s noticeable and unattractive; at worst, it’s painful and can lead to rashes in other parts of your body. Moreover, a nail fungus infection is difficult to get rid of since they affect parts of the nail that are hard to reach. Sometimes, it takes as long as a year to fully clear up onychomycosis, or nail fungal infection.
In recent years, the number of nail fungi cases has dramatically grown due to an increase in gym, spa and salon attendance. The rise has been so great that pharmaceutical companies are actively working on new anti-fungal medications. Strides are also being made with laser-removal techniques.
Brief explanation of Nail Parts
The matrix, matrix grooves, nail plate and nail bed are the four main parts of a human nail. The matrix is the bottom layer where nail cells are produced; the plate is the visible, hard part of the nail; the bed is the layer of skin between the matrix and the plate and the grooves facilitate bed-layer skin movement when the outer nail plate grows.
#1. Distal subungual onychomycosis
Distal subungual onychomycosis is the most common type of nail fungus and is often referred to as tinea unguium. It’s caused by Trichophyton rubrum and affects the underside of the nail bed.
#2. White superficial onychomycosis
Appearing in only 10% of cases, white superficial onychomycosis (WSO) is one of the most misdiagnosed types of foot fungus. It affects the bottom most layers of the nail plate and causes what appear to be “white islands”.
If you notice white dots in your nail plate, it’s best to visit a doctor who can determine if you’re suffering from a nail fungus or keratin granulations, a different type of reaction caused by some nail polishes.
#3. Proximal subungual onychomycosis
People in good health rarely get proximal subungual onychomycosis, but be careful if your immune system has been compromised in some way. This one of many types of foot fungus infection affects a newly formed nail plate through the proximal fold.
#4. Candidal onychomycosis
This type of nail fungus is most common amongst those who work with water. It’s also the breed that may be lurking in your nail technicians manicure sterilization holder. Prior nail fungus damage makes one more prone to contracting this strand.
Nail fungus is pesky because the infection is imbedded in the nail and therefore difficult to reach. So, whichever type of onychomycosis you have, make sure to treat it. The longer you wait, the longer it’s going to take to heal. If you’ve found yourself with a nail fungal infection, though, it couldn’t have happened at a better time. Since there has been a marked increase in incidences, nutraceutical and pharmaceutical companies are in a race to come up with the next best anti-fungal to these types of foot fungus; many promising new products have hit the market in recent months.
Good luck and keep those feet dry to avoid bothersome nail fungus infections!